There are several courts and commissions which deal with criminal offences, and dependent upon the crime alleged, will be directed to a specialised court to ensure that professionals whom specialises in that field of criminal matters will see to the most just outcome.
The Coroners Court is responsible for investigating all deaths, suspected deaths, fires and explosions, as well as making suggestions to prevent future deaths.
The Court does not have the power to convict someone of a crime, however are able to refer the matter to the Director of Prosecutions whom will then determine whether charges are to be laid against that person believed to have committed an indictable offence.
The Drug Court specialises in minimising re-offending by drug dependant offenders. The Drug Court achieves this by complying to specific objectives stipulated in s3 Drug Court Act 1998:
- reducing the drug dependency of eligible persons
- promoting the re-integration of such drug dependant persons into the community
- reduce the need for such drug dependent persons to resort to criminal activity to support their drug dependencies.
Independant Commission against Corruption (ICAC)
ICAC was established in 1989 in the context of increasing community concern regarding the integrity of Public Administration in NSW.
The Commission’s main objectives are stated in the Independent Commission Against Corruption Act 1988. Theses are:
- to investigate and expose corrupt conduct in the NSW public sector
- to actively prevent corruption through advice and assistance, and
- to educate the NSW community and public sector about corruption and its effects.
District Court of NSW
The District Court of NSW is an intermediate Court within the judicial hierarchy of NSW and hears both civil and criminal cases. It hears serious offences usually before a trial judge alone. However, a plea of not guilty will be held for trial and heard before a judge and jury.
Local Court of NSW
The majority of criminal and civil prosecutions and civil matters up to $100,000 are heard in the Local Court. The Court also attends to Apprehended Violence Orders and appeals regarding traffic offences.
Australian Crime Commission
The Australian Crime Commission investigates and responds to serious and organised crime. It is Australia’s national criminal intelligence agency and is able to conduct special investigations and operations which other law enforcement agencies are unable to do so.
NSW Crime Commission
The NSW Crime Commission, like the National agency, investigates and responds to serious and organised crime. However, its jurisdiction is limited to the state of New South Wales.
The main functions of the Commission are:
- to investigate matters relating to a relevant criminal activity, or serious crime concern referred to the Comission by the Management Committee for investigation;
- to assemble evidence that would be admissible in the prosecution of a person for a relevant offence arising out of any such matters and to furnish any such evidence to the Director of Public Prosecutions;
- to furnish evidence obtained in the course of its investigations (being evidence that would be admissible in the prosecution of a person for an indictable offence against the law of the commonwealth or another State or Territory) to the Attorney General or to the appropriate authority in the jurisdiction concerned;
- to reinvestigate matters relating to any criminal activity that were the subject of a police inquiry (being an inquiry referred for reinvestigation to the Commission by the Management Committee) and to furnish its findings to the Committee together with any recommendation as to action the Commission considers should be taken in relation to those findings;
- to furnish in accordance with the Act, reports relating to organised and other crime, which include, where appropriate, recommendations for changes in the laws of the State;
- to provide investigatory, technological and analytical services to such persons or bodies as the Commission thinks fit; and
- with the approval of the Management Committee, to work in co-operation with such persons or authorities of the Commonwealth, the State or another State or Territory (including any task force and any member of the task force) as the Commission considers appropriate.
Police Integrity Commission
The Police Integrity Commission detects, investigates and prevents police misconduct, especially regarding serious police misconduct by NSW police officers.
The Royal Commission possesses significant coercive powers in regards to investigating matters. The Commission is able to consider any matter which contravenes peace, good order and good government of the Commonwealth. Usually the matters dealth with by the Royal Commission are controversial and are of significant public importance.